Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (2024)

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Exercise Answer Key

Opening Exercise:

Here is an aerial view of a woodlot.

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (1)

Question 1.
If AB = 10 units, FE = 8 units, AF = 6 units, and DE = 7 units, find the lengths of the other two sides.
DC =
BC =
Answer:
DC = 2 units
BC = 13 units

Question 2.
If DC = 10 units, FE = 30 units, AF = 28 units, and BC = 54 units, find the lengths of the other two sides.
AB =
DE =
Answer:
AB = 40 units
DE = 26 units

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Example Answer Key

Example 1: Decomposing Polygons into Rectangles

The Intermediate School is producing a play that needs a special stage built. A diagram of the stage is shown below (not to scale).

Question a.
On the first diagram, divide the stage into three rectangles using two horizontal lines. Find the dimensions of these rectangles, and calculate the area of each. Then, find the total area of the stage.
Answer:
Dimensions: 2 m by 4m, 2 m by 4 m, and 7 m by 5 m
Area: 2 m × 4m = 8 m2, 2 m × 4 m = 8 m2, 7 m × 5 m = 35 m2
Total: 8 m2 + 8 m2 + 35 m2 = 51 m2

Question b.
On the second diagram, divide the stage into three rectangles using two vertical lines. Find the dimensions of these rectangles, and calculate the area of each. Then, find the total area of the stage.
Answer:
Dimensions: 2 m by 9 m, 2 m by 9 m, and 3 m by 5 m
Area: 2 m × 9 m = 18 m × 2 m × 9 m = 18 m2, 3 m × 5m = 15 m2
Total: 51 m2

Question c.
On the third diagram, divide the stage into three rectangles using one horizontal line and one vertical line. Find the dimensions of these rectangles, and calculate the area of each. Then, find the total area of the stage.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (2)
Answer:
Dimensions: 2 m by 9 m, 2 m by 4 m, and 5 m by 5 m
Area: 2 m × 9 m = 18 m2, 2 m × 4 m = 8 m2, 5 m × 5 m = 25 m2
Total: 51 m2

Question d.
Think of this as a large rectangle with a piece removed.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (3)

i. What are the dimensions of the large rectangle and the small rectangle?
Answer:
Dimensions: 9 m by 7 m and 3 m by 4 m

ii. What are the areas of the two rectangles?
Answer:
Area: 9 m × 7 m = 63 m2, 3 m × 4 m = 12 m2

iii. What operation Is needed to find the area of the original figure?
Answer:
Subtraction

iv. What is the difference in area between the two rectangles?
Answer:
63 m2 – 12 m2 = 51 m2

v. What do you notice about your answers to (a), (b), (c), and (d)? 7 m
Answer:
The area is the same.

vi. Why do you think this is true?
Answer:
No matter how we decompose the figure, the total area is the sum of its ports. Even if we take the area around the figure and subtract the part that is not included, the area of the figure remains the same, 51 m2.

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (4)

Area of Rectangle 1: b . h
2m . 4m = 8m2
Area of Rectangle 2: b . h
2 m 4m = 8 m2
Area of Rectangle 3: b . h
7m 5m 35 m2
Area of Polygon: 8m2 + 8m2 + 35 m2 = 51 m2

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (5)

Area of Rectangle 1: b . h
9m . 2m = 18 m2
Area of Rectangle 2: b . h
9m . 2m =18 m2
Area of Rectangle 3: b . h
3m . 5m = 15 m2
Area of Polygon: 18 m2 + 18 m2 + 15 m2 = 51 m2

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (6)

Area of Rectangle: b . h
9m . 7 m = 63 m2
Area of Missing Rectangle 2: b . h
3m . 4m = 12 m2
Area of Polygon: 63 m2 – 12 m2 = 51 m2

Example 2: Decomposing Polygons into Rectangles and Triangles

Parallelogram ABCD is part of a large solar power collector. The base measures 6 m and the height is 4 m.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (7)

Question a.
Draw a diagonal from A to C. Find the area of both triangles ABC and ACD.
Answer:
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (8)

Triangle ABC
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (6 m) (4 m)
A = 12 m2.

Triangle ACD
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (6m)(4m)
A = 12 m2

Question b.
Find the area of both triangles ABD and BCD. Then find the area of the trapezoid.
Answer:
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (9)

Triangle ABD
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (8m)(5m)
A = 20 m2

Triangle BCD
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (4 m) (5 m)
A = 10 m2

A = 20 m2 + 10 m2 = 30 m2

Question c.
How else could we find this area?
Answer:
We could consider the rectangle that surrounds the trapezoid. Find the area of that rectangle, and then subtract the area of both right triangles.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (10)

Area of Rectangle;
A = bh
A = (8 m) (5 m)
A = 40 m2

Triangle 1
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (3 m) (5 m)
A = 7.5 m2

Triangle 2
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) (1 m) (5 m)
A = 2.5 m2

A = 40 m2 – 7.5 m2 – 2.5 m2 = 30 m2 (or)

A = 40 m2 – (7.5 m2 + 2.5 m2) = 30 m2

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Problem Set Answer Key

Question 1.
If AB = 20 units, FE = 12 units, AF = 9 units, and DE = 12 units, find the length of the other two sides. Then, find the area of the irregular polygon.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (11)
Answer:
CD = 8 units, BC = 21 units, Area = 276 square units.

Question 2.
If DC = 1.9 cm, FE = 5.6 cm, AF = 4.8 cm, and BC = 10.9 cm, find the length of the other two sides. Then, find the area of the irregular polygon.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (12)
Answer:
AB = 7.5 cm, DE = 6.1 cm, Area = 47.59 cm2

Question 3.
Determine the area of the trapezoid below. The trapezoid is not drawn to scale.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (13)
Answer:
Area of Triangle 1
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 22 m × 13 m
A = 198 m2

Area of Triangle 2
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 3 m × 18 m
A = 27 m2

Area of Trapezoid = Area of Triangle 1 + Area of Triangle 2
Area = 198 m2 + 27 m2 = 225 m2

Question 4.
Determine the area of the shaded isosceles trapezoid below. The image is not drawn to scale.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (14)
Answer:
Area of Rectangle
A = bh
A = 18 m × 12 m
A = 216 m2

Area of Triangles 1 and 2
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 7.5 m × 12 m
A = 45 m2

Area of Trapezoid = Area of Rectangle – Area of Triangle 1 – Area of Triangle 2
A = 216 m2 – 45 m2 – 45 m2 = 126 m2

Question 5.
Here is a sketch of a wall that needs to be painted:
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (15)

a. The windows and door will not be painted. Calculate the area of the wall that will be painted.
Answer:
Whole wall: 12 ft. × 8 ft. = 96 ft2
Window: 2 ft. × 2 ft. = 4 ft2
There are two identical windows, 4 ft2 × 2 = 8 ft2
Door: 6 ft. × 3 ft. = 18 ft2
96 ft2 – 8 ft2 – 18 ft2 = 70 ft2

b. If a quart of Extra-Thick Gooey Sparkle paint covers 30 ft2. how many quarts must be purchased for the painting job?
Answer:
70 ÷ 30 = 2\(\frac{1}{3}\)
Therefore, 3 quarts must be purchased.

Question 6.
The figure below shows a floor plan of a new apartment. New carpeting has been ordered, which will cover the living room and bedroom but not the kitchen or bathroom. Determine the carpeted area by composing or decomposing in two different ways, and then explain why they are equivalent.

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (16)
Answer:
Answers will vary. Sample student responses are shown.
Bedroom: 15 ft. × 25 ft. = 375 ft2
Living room: 35 ft. × 20 ft. = 700 ft2
Sum of bedroom and living room: 375 ft2 + 700 ft2 = 1,075 ft2

Alternatively, the whole apartment is 45 ft. × 35 ft. = 1,575 ft2
Subtracting the kitchen and bath (300 ft2 and 200 ft2) still gives 1,075 ft2.
The two areas are equivalent because they both represent the area of the living room and bedroom.

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Exit Ticket Answer Key

Question 1.
Find the missing dimensions of the figure below, and then find the area. The figure is not drawn to scale.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (17)
Answer:
The solution can be any of these below.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (18)

Question 2.
Find the area of the parallelogram below by decomposing it into two triangles. The figure is not drawn to scale.
Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (19)
Answer:
Area of Triangle 1
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 8 mi.× 10 mi.
A = 40 mi2

Area of Triangle 2
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) bh
A = \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 8 mi. × 10 mi.
A = 40 mi2

Area of Parallelogram = Area of Triangle 1 + Area of Triangle 2
A = 40 mi2 + 40 mi2 = 80 mi2
The area of the parallelogram is 80 mi2.

Eureka Math Grade 6 Module 5 Lesson 5 Answer Key (2024)

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