Election 2024 Polls: Biden vs. Trump (2024)

New polls See all›

Emerson College Even
Morning Consult Trump +2
Bendixen & Amandi International Trump +1
Emerson College EvenMorning Consult Trump +2Bendixen & Amandi International Trump +1 See all›

Who’s leading the polls?

National polling average

July 9

Biden Biden 44%

Trump Trump 47%

Nate CohnChief political analyst

We still have limited post-debate data, but the evidence we do have from high-quality polling suggests Donald J. Trump has a relatively comfortable lead. Polls from The New York Times/Siena College, CNN/SSRS and The Wall Street Journal have all shown President Biden down at least six points nationally in the wake of the debate. Updated July 9

Explore Electoral College scenarios

A candidate needs 270 electoral votes to win. If Biden and Trump can hold the states they carried by at least three percentage points in 2020, that leaves seven states that are widely viewed as the key battlegrounds. Let’s zoom in on them.

If the polls change, or miss, in Biden’s favor
Biden is also within range: He trails by a small margin in a few key states, and a shift or polling miss in his favor would not be uncommon, though of course that is not guaranteed.

Biden 270

Trump 268

Biden is within 4 points of the lead in these states.

Ruth IgielnikStaff editor, polling

A bipartisan poll in Wisconsin taken after the debate has Trump up five percentage points in the swing state. It is still early and we don’t have that many swing state polls, but it’s among the polls that show Trump building his lead in the states most likely to decide the election. Updated July 9

How wrong might the polls be?

It’s normal for polls not to match the final results, sometimes by considerable amounts. The ranges in this chart represent the magnitude of each state’s biggest polling miss in recent elections, shown in relation to the current polling averages.

Biggestrecent
polling miss

Mich. 6 pts.(2022)

Range of polling miss

Wis. 9 pts.(2020)
Pa. 5 pts.(2022)
N.C. 6 pts.(2016)
Ariz. 3 pts.(2022)
Nev. 4 pts.(2012)
Ga. 2 pts.(2016)

Ruth IgielnikStaff editor, polling

In 2016 and 2020, the polls underestimated Trump. But in 2012 they underestimated the Democratic candidate, Barack Obama, and in 2022 Democrats outperformed polling averages in several key midterm races. Past polling misses can give a sense of the magnitude by which current averages could be wrong, but they are not a guarantee of which way today’s polls may be off.

The latest polls

Every poll here influences the averages above. Polls from “select pollsters,” which meet certain criteria for reliability, count for more. You can filter by state, toggle to show only select pollsters, and choose head-to-head or three-way matchups.

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Ruth IgielnikStaff editor, polling

Polls by “select pollsters” are shown with a diamond. These pollsters have backgrounds that tend to mean they are more reliable. Also, polls that were conducted by or for partisan organizations are labeled, as they often release only results that are favorable to their cause.

How the averages have changed

Arrows to the left indicate polling gains for Biden; to the right, for Trump.

Current
margin
polls

U.S. Trump +2 24

Mich. Trump +2 3

Wis. Trump +2 5

Pa. Trump +4 3

N.C. Trump +5 1

Ariz. Trump +5 3

Nev. Trump +6 4

Ga. Trump +6 2

Ruth IgielnikStaff editor, polling

National polls have shown Trump gaining ground since the debate, and polls in swing states have also shown Trump widening his margins, as seen in this chart. We’ll need more post-debate polling in these states to reliably gauge how things have changed across all the key battlegrounds. Updated July 9

Measuring the Kennedy effect

We calculate averages for polls that ask voters to choose between Biden and Trump, and for polls that include Kennedy. (Many polls do both.) Here’s a comparison of the averages, nationally and in key states.

With Kennedy +4 Trump Trump

+2 Trump Trump

William P. DavisDirector, Election Data Analytics

Third-party candidates present particular challenges for pollsters, and they can be a significant factor in elections. Here you can get a sense of how Robert F. Kennedy Jr. might affect support for Biden and Trump. Just know that, historically, most polls have significantly overstated support for third-party candidates.

About our polling averages

Our averages include polls collected by The New York Times and by FiveThirtyEight. The estimates adjust for a variety of factors, including the recency and sample size of a poll, whether a poll represents likely voters, and whether other polls have shifted since a poll was conducted.

We also evaluate whether each pollster: Has a track record of accuracy in recent electionsIs a member of a professional polling organizationConducts probability-based sampling

These elements factor into how much weight each poll gets in the average. And we consider pollsters that meet at least two of the three criteria to be “select pollsters,” so long as they are conducting polls for nonpartisan sponsors. Read more about our methodology.

The Times conducts its own national and state polls in partnership with Siena College. Those polls are included in the averages. Follow Times/Siena polling here.

Sources: Polling averages by The New York Times. Individual polls collected by FiveThirtyEight and The Times.

Credits

By Cam Baker, Laura Bejder Jensen, Nate Cohn, Molly Cook Escobar, Annie Daniel, Ruth Igielnik, Jasmine C. Lee, Alex Lemonides, Albert Sun, Rumsey Taylor and Isaac White. Additional work by Kristen Bayrakdarian, Asmaa Elkeurti, Andrew Fischer, K.K. Rebecca Lai, Jaymin Patel, Ethan Singer and James Thomas.

Election 2024 Polls: Biden vs. Trump (2024)

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